Developed by renowned psychologist, Dr. Raymond Cattell, fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence defines how knowledge is gained, stored and used over a lifetime.

Fluid Intelligence

  • The ability to problem solve and perceive relations between new and old information

  • Basis of abstract reasoning, quick thinking, and problem solving

  • Improved through cognition training

Crystallized Intelligence

  • The ability to learn and use stored information and gained knowledge to solve problems

  • Accumulation of knowledge, facts, and skills acquired throughout life

  • Develops with age, experience, learning

Summary Biography of Dr. Cattell

  • 1905 Born in England
  • Earned BS in Chemistry from University of London at the age of 19
  • Earned Ph.D. in Psychology from University of London
  • 1938 Professor at Clark University
  • 1941 Professor at Harvard University
  • 1945 Professor at University of Illinois, established a research department
  • 1973 Retired

Cattell’s List of Personality Factors

  • List of 16 core traits that influence behaviors known as a person’s personality
  • Widely used in questionnaires by corporations and institutions for personnel selection, career counseling, and clinical therapy planning
  • Based on psychologist Gordon Allport’s original categorization of 4,000 words
  • Cattell’s position was that all 16 traits are inherent in each person at varying degrees of intensity
  • Includes Emotional stability, Perfectionism, Privateness, Reasoning, Sensitivity, and Liveliness, among others.

Origins of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence

  • Report addresses whether Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence originated with Dr. Hebb or Dr. Cattell
  • 1941 – Psychologist Donald Hebb presented notion of Intelligence A and Intelligence B
  • Cattell adopted and used Hebb’s ideas of Intelligence A and Intelligence B to develop concepts of fluid and crystallized intelligence
  • 1943 – Cattell wrote that Hebb independently stated clearly what constitutes the majority of the theory

Free Online Measure of Personality Factors

  • Personality test consisting of 164 statements
  • Time to complete is approximately 10 minutes
  • Test is for educational purposes only